Today it is difficult to meet an amateur gardener who would never grow a crop such as zucchini. This vegetable is one of the closest relatives of pumpkin, but it contains a much lower amount of sugars, but there is a high concentration of vitamin C, various minerals, there are even varieties that far exceed carrots in the amount of carotene.
Such cultivated plants are able, depending on the variety, to grow in a variety of conditions. In our review of the best varieties of zucchini of the year, we will try to tell in as much detail as possible about the most popular options among summer residents. In addition, we will give some useful tips in terms of caring for this vegetable – all this information will certainly come in handy not only for beginner gardeners, but also for quite experienced gardeners who want to increase the yield of their plantings or reduce labor costs for growing and caring for crops.
The ten best varieties of zucchini
Our rating is opened by a hybrid and quite popular variety among summer residents. It was bred by Dutch agronomists – they managed to create a high-yielding, unpretentious and early ripe variety. He will feel comfortable not only in the middle lane, but also in the Urals, Siberian and even Far Eastern regions. The plant is quite compact in size, but the stems are very powerful and bushy. The leaves are bright green in color, have a pronounced spotting, are large in size and have a medium dissection. The fruits are painted in a pale green color, usually grow small, have the shape of a club, slightly narrow in the region of the stalk.
The mass of one zucchini is 500-700 grams, the fruits usually grow no more than 20 cm in length. The peel is quite thin even in overripe zucchini, there is a barely noticeable wax coating on it. The skin itself, if necessary, can be easily removed with a knife. The yield of the variety is unusually high – from one bush during the season you can get up to 17 kg of vegetables. The variety belongs to early ripening, so the fruits will ripen in about 40-50 days after the first shoots appear on the beds. It is allowed to plant seeds directly in open ground or grow zucchini by seedlings. The variety is optimally suited for greenhouses and hotbeds, it withstands even severe frosts well, and needs regular watering.
- Ripens quite early;
- Provides high productivity;
- Fruits for a long time;
- Zucchini lie well, they can be transported over long distances;
- They have excellent immunity to pests and diseases.
- Seed material can not be prepared independently.
It perfectly resists cold, differs in the earliest ripening, the culture grows very quickly. The first fruits can be harvested approximately 40 days after germination. The plant is a bush, characterized by a female type of flowering, foliage, as a rule, is rather weak. The fruits have the shape of a cylinder, the skin is thin and rather fragile, has a light green color, if the zucchini overripe, the color becomes yellowish. Although the pulp is very soft and tender, it has a high density. It tastes pleasant, has a yellowish color, zucchini is not bitter, their average weight is in the range from 500 to 900 grams. The composition contains a decent concentration of iron, phosphorus, potassium and calcium.
It is best to plant zucchini with seedlings, and it should be put on the windowsill or placed in a sunny greenhouse so that the greatest amount of heat comes from the sun. It is very convenient to plant seeds in peat pots. Shoots at the age of two weeks are planted in the ground. The culture does not require excessive care: during the whole season it will have to be fed only two or three times, periodically sprinkled with ash and phosphate fertilizers.
- Both plants and fruits easily withstand short-term temperature drops that occur in spring or early autumn;
- Long period of fruiting;
- Very quickly begin to ripen;
- Excellent taste and commercial qualities;
- High content of nutrients – vitamins, minerals and so on.
- Due to the thin skin, it will not be possible to transport over long distances;
- The plant and fruits are susceptible to various kinds of fungal diseases.
A variety of zucchini, quite familiar to most summer residents, which, like those discussed earlier, has a high level of precocity. Bushes take up a minimum of free space in the garden, which allows you to plant more zucchini and, therefore, harvest a decent crop. The fruits are very tasty, do not need special care – it is enough to provide the plants with timely watering and top dressing. This will allow you to collect the first fruits at the end of June. The variety was developed by Ukrainian breeders and agronomists at the end of the Soviet era. It can be grown in any region of the country with a temperate climate. This culture will feel great both in open ground conditions and in greenhouses or greenhouses.
This is another early ripe variety, the fruits from which can be harvested approximately 45-50 days after emergence, in greenhouse conditions this period will be even less. Plants do not give lashes, so they take up a minimum of free space. Even in a small garden, you can grow about 3-4 bushes, and this will not affect their yield in any way. The leaves are dark green in color with gray-white spots. The leaf plate is quite rigid, but the spines are practically not felt. There is only one stem here, its length is small. The fruits are club-shaped, their length is in the range from 30 to 40 cm, the thickness does not exceed 12 cm, the average weight is 900 g.
- It has the highest yields among most varieties of zucchini;
- Ripens very quickly;
- The pulp is very tender, the seeds are small and soft, they do not coarsen even if the vegetable is overripe;
- It takes up little free space in the garden;
- The skin is dense, so the vegetable can be stored for a very long time, it is easy to transport.
- Can only be grown in sunny areas;
- Needs regular abundant watering.
Another hybrid variety that is very popular with most gardeners for a number of reasons: zucchini ripens very quickly, has high yields, plants perfectly resist the lack of moisture, and the fruits have a delicate and pleasant taste. Bred by Dutch agronomists who have made the product suitable for growing both outdoors and in greenhouse conditions. Ripened fruits can be harvested approximately 40 days after sprouts appear. Zucchini is a self-pollinating plant, so insects are absolutely not needed to produce fruits. This ability allows you to get a rich harvest even in rainy summers.
The bushes are very compact, but they are distinguished by a highly developed root system, which is located quite close to the surface of the earth. The fruits are not too large – one zucchini weighs about 280-320 grams, but sometimes they grow up to 500 grams. The shape is cylindrical, the skin is thin, has a light green color. The pulp is white, the texture is juicy and tender, contains a large percentage of nutrients.
- Allows you to get a very large crop of this crop;
- Plants take up little space;
- Long period of fruiting;
- Not sensitive to fungi and other diseases.
- It does not tolerate temperature fluctuations well.
Gives a harvest for two whole months. Suitable for growing in open ground, greenhouse or greenhouse, it is often grown even on an industrial scale. Another early ripening variety that ripens about 40 days after the first sprouts appear. It bears fruit from the end of June until September. This is another self-pollinating variety. Plant bushes are compact in size, they are not too high – a maximum of a meter. The main stem is short, the whip too. It blooms with yellow flowers, the foliage is large, has a dark green color, the spines are almost not felt. The fruits grow vertically, sink to the leaves or the ground only under their own weight after reaching biological maturity.
The weight of zucchini reaches 1.5 kg, the shape is quite even, slightly narrowed towards the stalk. The skin is green or dark green, smooth, shiny in young zucchini, dull in overripe ones. The pulp is colored white or pale yellow, very juicy and tender, the taste is mild, but there are many useful substances in it.
- Gives the first harvest very early;
- Actively fructifies even in the conditions of a cool and rainy summer;
- It tolerates low temperatures, even short-term frosts;
- Bushes are very compact;
- Suitable for greenhouses, greenhouses, open ground;
- Can be easily transported over long distances.
- For a long time can only be stored in a dark, dry and cool place;
- Needs regular abundant watering.
A very popular variety among domestic amateur gardeners. The plant is characterized by decent branching, allows you to get a bountiful harvest. Zucchini of this variety grows well in most regions, does not need special conditions and care. The variety was developed in 1943 by domestic breeders on the basis of one of the Greek varieties. The culture is annual, the fruit ripening period is medium early: the first harvest can be harvested somewhere in 50-55 days. The bush has a significant number of shoots. The central stem is quite thick, spreads along the ground. The leaves are spotty, have a bright green color, have a pentagonal shape, they have soft thorns, the flowers are pollinated by insects, so growing such a crop in greenhouse and greenhouse conditions will be quite problematic.
The average fruit weight is 1 kg, however, there are specimens weighing 2 kg or more, the zucchini is usually 20-25 cm long, its shape is usually oval or cylindrical. The skin is quite hard, but the flesh is soft, the seeds become coarse as the fruit ripens. From one bush you can get from 4 to 8 kg of zucchini per season.
- Excellent resistance to various diseases and pests;
- Easily tolerates even severe temperature changes;
- It has very high taste characteristics;
- Good yield;
- Can be stored for a very long time.
- Needs a lot of free space on the site.
4. Black handsome
Another variety very popular with gardeners, which consists solely of advantages – it ripens almost instantly, has a high level of productivity, and has a very delicate and pleasant taste. The plant does not require particularly careful care. The maximum yield can be harvested in the central black earth regions, in the north-west of the country and in the Volga regions. The first zucchini can be harvested from the bushes as early as 40 days after germination. Plants are very compact in size, there is a lot of foliage on them. The diameter of the stems is 15 mm or more, they reach a height of about 80 cm. The foliage is large, dark green, covered with characteristic light spots.
The fruits are not very large – their diameter is about 7 cm, they are from 17 to 22 cm long. The weight of one zucchini ranges from 800 to 1.7 grams. The fruits are dark green or emerald, the peel is of medium thickness. Harvest can be stored for a long time.
- Ripen quickly;
- Beautiful appearance;
- Excellent taste qualities;
- Compact plant;
- Good resistance to diseases and pests;
- Long fruiting period.
- A very thermophilic plant.
Zucchini Black handsome
In third place in our ranking of the best varieties of zucchini is a very original product, which stands out among all other varieties not only in its appearance, but also in a number of other characteristics. The ripening period is average – about 120-130 days pass from the moment of emergence of shoots to harvest. The plant gives a significant number of long lashes, has a powerful root system. The foliage has an emerald color.
The fruits in their shape are more like a melon. In length, they reach 20-30 cm, can weigh up to 1.5 kg. The peel is denser than that of a pumpkin. As the vegetable ripens, it will change its color from green to bright yellow, however, there are variations of the variety in which mature zucchini are painted white. The peel allows you to keep the fruit for many months. The pulp is very dense, creamy-orange in color. The structure is fibrous, reminiscent of the well-known Italian pasta – spaghetti.
- Easily tolerates lack of moisture;
- Unpretentious in terms of cultivation and care;
- Both unripe and ripe zucchini can be eaten;
- Not quite the usual texture of the pulp;
- Dense skin provides long keeping quality and transportability of the vegetable.
- Does not ripen in regions with short summers;
- The central stem produces many long shoots.
2. Tiger cub
Belongs to zucchini-type varieties, but is not suitable for industrial cultivation. The plant is a slightly sprawling bush, there is not too much foliage on it. The leaves themselves are small, they are characterized by intense spotting. The fruits have a cylindrical shape, they are quite thin, there are light green stripes. Their average weight is in the range of 700-1200 grams. The pulp is very dense, not too juicy, has a sweetish aftertaste.
Fully ripened fruits can be stored at home until spring. The variety brings a bountiful harvest, regardless of the growing regions. The plant calmly withstands heat and a short drought. It bears fruit until the first frost, has excellent immunity to diseases and pests.
- The fruits look beautiful;
- High commercial qualities and good taste;
- Zucchini lie for 6 or more months.
- At the very beginning of the vegetative period, empty flowers predominate.
Zucchini Tiger cub
So we got to the best variety of zucchini, which can only be born on the territory of our country. This is an early ripe variety, it is able to bear fruit literally one and a half months after the appearance of the first shoots. The plant in the garden takes up little space, there are few lashes. The foliage is dark green in color with white spots.
The fruits are cylindrical in shape, their surface is smooth, but there is a slight ribbing near the base. Ripe zucchini have a yellowish or white skin color, the average weight of one fruit is about 600-900 grams. The skin is tough but not very thick. The pulp is colored yellowish-white, characterized by excellent taste. The plant easily tolerates cool weather and even frost.
- Provides a consistently high yield;
- Not too whimsical in terms of care culture;
- Easy to transport over long distances;
- You can breed with your own seeds.
- The plant is sensitive to gray mold;
- Due to the lack of phosphorus and some other trace elements in the soil, a large proportion of barren flowers occurs.
In conclusion, a useful video
So we have come to the end of our review of the best varieties of zucchini. If you already have some experience in growing such a crop, you can always share it with our other readers in the comments to this article.