Among stone fruit horticultural crops, cherry today is one of the most common. She feels quite comfortable in the unpredictable Russian climate. There are a great many varieties, among them there are early, mid-season, late, there are hybrids of cherries and sweet cherries. In our ranking of the best varieties of cherries, we have collected the most fruit-bearing breeds, which also have a fairly high immunity to various diseases and pests. In general, all varieties of cherries can be divided into two main groups – bushy and tree-like. In the first, fruits are formed on last year’s growths, in the second, flowering and berry formation occurs on bouquet twigs.
Top ten best cherries
The breed is a variety of standard trees, which forms a round crown, and is also capable of growing up to 5 meters in height. You can breed a variety with shoots – in this case, a fairly sprawling bush will form, reaching a height of 3 meters. The life span of a tree is about 17 years. The trunk and branches are covered with dark gray bark, longitudinal cracks are observed on it, moreover, over time it can peel off and flake off. On young branches, the bark has a brick or yellowish color. They are lowered down, and it is on them that the fruits are formed. The leaves are dark green in color, matte, about 8 cm long.
Flowers are collected in not too dense inflorescences of 5-7 pieces each. The diameter of one flower is about 3 cm, it includes five white petals and a yellow core, the petals are slightly forked at the tips. In this variety, the fruits are not too large, have a rounded shape, the side seam is practically not noticeable. The diameter of the berries can reach 2 cm with a weight of up to 3 grams. The skin of ripe fruits is dark red in color, hardly visible spots can be seen on it. The pulp is juicy and fibrous, the stone is brown, easily separated from the fruit. The variety is mid-season, loves moisture, so it does not bear fruit well in arid areas, but the trees can easily withstand even severe frosts.
- Decent yields;
- Unpretentiousness in terms of care;
- Good resistance to low temperatures;
- High taste characteristics of the crop;
- Cherries can be transported over long distances.
- Generative buds are not too hardy;
- The breed is prone to fungal diseases.
9. Morel Bryansk
One of the oldest breeds of cherries, which was bred by Dutch breeders about three hundred years ago. The tree grows up to two meters in height, has a wide and very spreading crown, a lot of foliage. The branches are covered with ash-gray bark, young branches have brown bark with a slight silvery tint. The leaves are not very large – they are only 7 cm long, the flowers are small, up to 3 cm in diameter, there can be up to four in one inflorescence. The plant bears large fruits of dark ruby color, their skin is thin, individual berries weigh up to 3 grams.
The pulp of this variety is elastic and quite juicy, it tastes sweet, but there is a pronounced sourness. Cherry can be consumed fresh, made from it jam, compotes for the winter, frozen and so on. Even overripe fruits do not fall off the tree, so you can not rush to collect them. The bright sun, as a rule, does not harm them too much – the berries are not baked even in extreme heat.
- The cultivation rules are very simple;
- High yield;
- It brings the first fruits in about the third or fourth year;
- Berries are universal;
- The variety is self-pollinated;
- Good resistance to low temperatures;
- Excellent immunity against fungal diseases.
- The skin is thin, which negatively affects transportability.
Cherry Morel Bryansk
8. Star of the North
A low-growing and at the same time quite compact tree, the sprawling of the branches of which is insignificant. The crown is dense, has a rounded shape. The bark of the trunk and branches is dark brown. The leaves have the shape of a narrow oval, are small in size and have a glossy sheen. The variety is excellent for growing in the conditions of the southern and central regions. The maximum activity in terms of growth is observed in the first years of the plant’s life. From the moment the tree enters the stage of active fruiting, growth slows down, and after a few years it stops altogether. The maximum height of an adult tree does not exceed 2.5 meters.
The berries are quite large – they weigh about 4-4.5 grams, have a rounded shape. Their skin is shiny and rather thin, painted in dark red. The flesh is bright red, tender, juicy and fibrous. It tastes sweet and sour, although the sourness is much more pronounced. The density of the pulp is insignificant, so the berries of this variety are not distinguished by good transportability and keeping quality. In winter, the tree is able to withstand frosts down to -40 degrees. The tree brings the first harvest 2-3 years after planting, reaching maximum fertility in the fifth year. From one tree you can collect up to 25 kg of berries.
- Pretty compact tree;
- High yield;
- Begins to bear fruit about 3 years after planting;
- Between trees with frequent planting, you can leave only 2 meters;
- It tolerates drought and severe frosts well.
- Late ripe variety;
- The berries contain a significant proportion of acids.
Cherry Star of the North
This plant has an almost perfectly even and straight trunk, the crown is rounded, in addition, it is slightly elongated from the bottom up. There are not too many branches, but there is a lot of foliage on them, the bark is colored brownish-gray. The leaves of this variety are very large – they can be up to 12 cm long, about 3-4 cm wide, painted in rich green. The vast majority of buds are formed on shoots that appeared in the past or current year. The flowers are not too large, the petals are white. The variety blooms around mid-May, needs pollinators. Cherry is considered early ripe and winter-hardy. It can be grown in the central regions of the country, but it can feel quite comfortable, including in the northern regions.
The trunk diameter is usually no more than 12 cm, the tree is about 2.5 m high, the crown diameter is also small – about 2 m. The berries are medium in size and round in shape. Their weight is about 4 grams. The skin is not too strong, tender, painted in dark red. In the variety, the pulp is quite dense and juicy, its color matches the skin. The stone is small, easily separated from the pulp. The taste of the fruit is quite sweet, the sourness is barely perceptible. They can be consumed fresh or processed. The variety perfectly tolerates even prolonged drought, and besides, it does not like too frequent watering – moisture is added only if its shortage is already completely critical. It’s all about the branched root system of the tree, which goes into the soil to a depth of several meters. The breed can withstand up to -25 degrees below zero, from one tree, with proper care, you can get up to 15 kg of fruit per season.
- Begins to bear fruit a year or two after planting;
- High level of productivity;
- Immunity to most diseases;
- The stone is easily separated from the pulp.
- The variety needs pollinators.
6. Dawn of the Volga region
The trees of this variety are very compact – the diameter of their trunk does not exceed 7-10 cm. At about a height of one meter, it is divided into two large branches. The crown is not very dense, there is not much foliage on it. An adult tree with a height of no more than 2.5 m. Even if stimulating pruning is carried out, it will still not work to make it taller. The fruits of the variety have a bright red skin and a flat-round shape. They are medium in size – their weight is not more than 5 grams. Even ripe berries do not fall from the branches and are not baked in the sun, so you can not pick them right away. The variety does not require too close attention – it will be easy for even novice gardeners to deal with it.
The breed is able to withstand frosts down to -30 degrees, so in the central regions it will not have to be covered to protect it from the cold. However, this cherry loves moisture – it will need to be watered about once every ten days. The fruits ripen quickly – already at the end of June you can harvest. The variety begins to bear fruit in the fourth year of growth, about 150 kg can be harvested from one hundred of plantings per season, the yield is increased by applying nitrogen fertilizers.
- Good resistance to cold;
- The crown of the tree is compact;
- The crop ripens in the first part of summer;
- The variety is considered self-pollinating;
- Excellent taste characteristics.
- The breed is sensitive to fungal diseases.
Cherry Dawn of the Volga region
5. Miracle Cherry
Before you is a hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries – this is the very first breed that a person managed to breed. The variety is already over 400 years old, it was developed by English agronomists in the 17th century, it has been present in Russian gardens for about 150 years. This cherry easily withstands even severe frosts, has an excellent yield, and the fruits have very high taste qualities. The tree is able to tolerate frost down to -20 degrees, so it is advisable to cover it for the winter. The hybrid does not grow very tall and moderately dense, its crown is rounded. The shoots are straight, their bark is smooth, painted brown. The foliage is large, dark green. The flowers are large, collected in brushes of 5-8 pieces each. The maximum tree height is 3 meters.
The berries are large – their weight reaches 10-12 grams, but larger specimens can also be found. Their shape is flat-round, the skin has a dark red color. The pulp is juicy, has a pronounced cherry aroma, tastes sweet, there is a slight sourness. Ripe fruits do not fall from the tree. The breed is considered photophilous – this should also be taken care of. Otherwise, the berries simply do not have time to ripen.
- The fruits ripen in a very short time;
- The berries are large and massive with a small stone;
- Quite calmly withstands severe frosts;
- Excellent resistance to fungal and other diseases.
- At temperatures below -20 degrees, buds and shoots may freeze;
- Needs pollinators.
Cherry Miracle Cherry
Medium-sized breed, which is distinguished by a spreading crown of medium density, the fruits are not the largest, painted in maroon color. This variety was developed for the southern and central regions of the country. An adult tree grows to a height of up to three meters. The foliage is painted dark green, has an oblong shape, small size. The inflorescences are umbrella-shaped, the flowers are white, the aroma is weak, but rather pleasant. Despite the fact that the tree itself is small in size, the fruits are large and are characterized by high tasting qualities.
The berries have a rounded shape, the skin is painted in maroon color. The flesh is slightly different in color – it has a red tint and a delicate texture. The stone is oval, easily separated from the pulp. The taste is pleasant, quite sweet with a barely perceptible sourness. The average fruit weight is in the range of 3 to 4 grams. Ripening occurs around the end of July. The variety is considered self-pollinating, besides, the berries are securely held on the stalks, do not crumble after ripening.
- Easily withstands lack of moisture, heat, low temperatures;
- High yield;
- The fruits do not crumble, do not rot and do not crack.
- Flower buds do not tolerate frost well;
- Sensitive to fungal diseases.
In third place in our review of the best varieties of cherries is another hybrid breed, which was bred back in the Soviet years by Ukrainian breeders. The trunks are quite large, straight, the bark is dark brown, it is perfectly smooth. The foliage on the reverse side has clearly defined convex veins. The leaf cover is dense, has a dark green color, with a glossy sheen on the front side. The popularity of this variety is largely due to the fact that it will feel great regardless of the region.
The tree itself is low – it reaches a height of 3.2 m. The fruits of this breed are quite large, there is a small depression near the stem, which makes the berries look like hearts. The average weight of cherries of this variety is approximately 7-10 grams. The inflorescence has the shape of a brush, on which 6-8 fruits are formed. The skin is maroon with a black tint. The stone is large, in ripe berries it is easily separated from the pulp.
- Resistance to low temperatures, lack of moisture;
- Large and very tasty, fragrant berries;
- With ease transfers even long transportation;
- Universal application.
- Not too high yields.
A low but spreading tree with abundant dark green foliage. In size, they are much larger than other varieties of cherries. Initially, this hybrid was developed for cultivation in the West Siberian regions, however, with proper care, it is able to produce a decent harvest in other areas. The tree grows to a height of up to 3.5 meters. Gardeners often prefer this variety due to the fact that its fruits are very large, sweet and juicy.
The skin is painted in dark burgundy color, has a glossy sheen. The berries are round, the pulp is quite tender, has a wine hue and is slightly crunchy. The weight of one fruit is in the range from 5.5 to 8 grams, the aroma of cherries is pronounced, they contain a high concentration of vitamin C. The variety calmly tolerates climatic disasters, but lack of moisture can adversely affect yields, and immunity decreases with water deficiency tree. Frost resistance is high – the breed easily tolerates temperatures down to -32 degrees.
- Very high yield;
- You can grow the breed in regions with low temperatures;
- Beautiful appearance, excellent taste;
- Good disease resistance.
- Needs a pollinator;
- Does not tolerate water shortage.
1. Zherdevskaya Beauty
Not very tall breed – grows up to 3 meters. But she has large fruits, and almost all of them are of the same size – 17×15 mm with a mass of about 5 grams. The flesh is orange, but the skin is dark red when ripe. The thickness of the latter is medium, the pulp is very juicy, has a sweet and sour taste. The stone is medium in size, easily separated from the pulp if the fruit is already ripe. The fruits are suitable for fresh and processed consumption. Cherry is attached to the bone securely, does not crumble after ripening. It must be borne in mind that the variety is sun-loving, if you grow a tree in the shade, then the crop will be sour.
Cherry belongs to the early ripe group. He loves moisture, although he tolerates short-term drought without negative consequences. In the winter months, it is able to resist frosts down to -30 degrees. The yield is always quite high, given that the variety is able to bear fruit annually. Cherry needs to be looked after – it needs regular feeding. The fruits are suitable for fresh consumption, juice and wine are obtained from them. To extend the shelf life, they are not pre-washed.
- Not a very tall tree;
- Stable immunity;
- Excellent taste characteristics of berries;
- A bountiful harvest every year;
- Ripens very early.
- There is a need for pollinators.
Cherry Zherdevskaya Beauty
In conclusion, a useful video
So our review of the best varieties of cherries has come to an end. We tried to tell as much as possible about the main qualities of the breeds presented in the rating. If you have experience in growing a particular tree, then you can always share it with other readers in the comments to this article.