Many summer residents grow various types of cabbage on their plots – white and red cabbage, kohlrabi, but cauliflower is very popular. It contains a lot of healthy substances: vitamins, minerals, micro and macro elements, there is fiber and so on. This vegetable will feel great in the middle lane, in the southern regions, however, there are varieties that can be grown even in the northern regions of our country.
For the northern part, hybrids will be the most suitable, for the full maturation of which it does not take so much time – this is a key indicator for regions with a short warm period. Both early and mid-season options are suitable for the central regions, even late varieties are often planted, but in this case it will be necessary to grow seedlings.
Such plants prefer moderate temperatures and fairly high humidity. Seeds are sown to obtain seedlings around the end of March, and it is absolutely not necessary to plant them at home – you can immediately place them in a greenhouse or greenhouse. It is worth noting that a head of cauliflower may not start if the plant has a lack of cobalt and boron. In this regard, about a week after planting in the ground, plants are fed with compositions containing these microelements. Feeding too late can lead to premature flowering. In order to increase the period of vegetable consumption, seedlings can be sown with an interval of one to two weeks.
Today we want to tell you in detail about this vegetable, for this we have developed a rating of the best varieties of cauliflower. Within its framework, the most popular varieties are analyzed, which are characterized by high productivity and do not need special care.
5. Fremont F1
A very promising hybrid variety, which was developed by Dutch breeders several years ago. It is characterized by increased self-covering ability, excellent productivity, retains marketable appearance for a long time, and has excellent taste. You can plant seeds directly in open ground, the material has a high germination rate – about 90-95% of the seeds germinate. The mass of one head of cabbage is about 2.5-3 kg. Cauliflower ripens approximately 75 days after the appearance of the first shoots. Harvest can be consumed fresh, suitable for processing, conservation, preparation of various culinary dishes.
The cabbage bush is very powerful, sprawling, so it needs a lot of free space. Heads of cabbage have an attractive appearance, they contain a significant percentage of vitamins, amino acids, trace elements, antioxidants and other useful compounds. The consistency is very dense, the texture of the inflorescences is delicate. If the vegetable is grown by the seedling method, then it is transplanted into the ground in the second or third decade of May, when a stable average daily temperature of 10-12 degrees is observed and there are no frosts.
- Excellent presentation;
- Can be transported over long distances;
- Excellent taste qualities;
- Resists cruciferous infections well.
- Likes abundant watering;
- Needs plenty of sunlight.
Cabbage Fremont F1
4. White perfection F1
Another hybrid version of this vegetable. It is optimally suited for growing in the conditions of the southern regions or the middle zone – in these climatic zones it allows for an early harvest. From the moment the first shoots appear to the collection of heads of cabbage, about 70-75 days pass. Vegetables have compact head sizes, their weight, with rare exceptions, does not exceed 950 g, their shape is domed. The head of cabbage does not crumble into inflorescences even during prolonged storage. The color is white, the foliage is large – it will reliably protect heads of cabbage from the negative effects of sunlight. The products are characterized by excellent taste, which makes them suitable for preparing a wide variety of dishes.
The variety needs a lot of liquid – initially it is watered twice a week, then once, water must be poured under the root and ensure that it does not fall on the foliage and heads. Cold water should not be watered, moisture should be heated to at least room temperature. During growth, three to four top dressings are provided with nitrogen, urea and mineral complexes.
- Excellent presentation;
- Optimal taste characteristics;
- Ripens faster than most varieties;
- Even in the middle lane, you can grow immediately in open ground.
- This hybrid is not for the northern regions.
Cabbage White Perfection F1
This hybrid was developed by domestic breeders back in Soviet times and has not changed much since then. Agronomists initially relied on the climatic features of all regions, so the variety is suitable for cultivation in most regions of the country and the states of the former Soviet Union. The technical ripeness of the vegetable occurs approximately 80 days after the appearance of the first shoots. The diameter of the leaf rosette is average – it grows up to a maximum of 70 cm. The leaves are quite compact, have a rounded shape. The hue may vary slightly from gray-green to deep green. In length, one leaf grows up to 50 cm, in width – up to 20-25 cm.
The head of cabbage has a rounded shape, it can be medium or large: its size directly depends on the quality of crop care. The mass is in the range from 700 to 1300 g. In most cases, the vegetable is white in color, but sometimes yellowish fruits are also found. The heads are quite thick. Fresh cabbage does not have a pronounced taste or smell, but there are a lot of useful substances and their concentration is significant: vitamin C is about 80 mg per 100 g, sugars are about 3-5%, there is still iodine, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium . The products are perfect for preparing a variety of dishes, often used for cosmetic procedures.
- Pleasant taste;
- Quickly take root after landing in open ground;
- It withstands temperature changes well, even frosts;
- Does not grow with a lack of sunlight;
- Resists diseases and pests.
- The head of cabbage is only partially covered with foliage;
- Yields are average.
One of the rather young hybrid varieties in this rating – it was bred by Russian specialists in 2007, it gives the best yield when grown in warm regions and areas with a temperate climate. The plant has a rather compact rosette, which contains about 20-25 leaves, they have a juicy green color with a slight grayish tinge. The head has a rounded, slightly convex shape, the tubercles are almost invisible. The average weight of one vegetable is about 600-800 grams, but there are often specimens whose weight exceeds 3 kg.
The yield is about 3-3.5 kg per square meter of plantings, if no more than 4 bushes grow on this area. If the cultivation is carried out in several visits, then the yield can be much higher. The average ripening period for a vegetable is from 50 to 70 days, depending on climatic conditions and the date of planting. If the seedlings were sown in March, then you can harvest on average after 60 days, in May – after 65, in June – after 70.
- Almost all cabbage ripens at once, which allows several crops to be harvested at once during one season;
- Pretty prolific hybrid;
- Easily tolerates sudden changes in temperature;
- Pleasant vegetable taste;
- Almost all bushes are tied.
- The variety is susceptible to diseases and pests.
1. Vinson F1
It was originally developed for horticultural conditions, but some farmers grow this vegetable on an industrial scale. The sheet socket is located vertically. The shape of the head is round, medium tuberosity. It is quite smooth and dense, the texture is delicate, it has a snow-white color. The weight of the fetus can reach 3 kg, but often the specimens are much smaller – about one and a half kilograms. Taste qualities are very high, so this variety can easily compete with other varieties. The hybrid is optimally suited for freezing, canning, salads, cold and hot appetizers. The presentation is also attractive, it remains for a long time.
The hybrid variety has a significant yield – up to 6 kg of vegetables can be harvested from one square meter. Suitable for growing in spring-summer and summer-autumn. Ripens within 65 days after the appearance of the first sprouts, vegetables are grown in a greenhouse or open field.
- Vegetables are homogeneous in their structure;
- The product has a pleasant and rather delicate taste;
- Sufficiently powerful growth of vegetables;
- Easily transported over long distances.
- Needs more attention and care.
Cabbage Vinson F1
A very productive and fairly hardy variety, it adapts well to a wide variety of climates. It is easy to grow both in the southern regions and in the temperate zone, and even in areas with a short warm period. The variety feels comfortable in open ground conditions, in greenhouses and greenhouses. Mid-season vegetable – it ripens in 120 days from the moment of plant germination. The average weight of cabbage is about 1.5-2 kg.
The color of the fruit is white-cream, the bushes grow quite powerful and strong. All forks are about the same size. The socket is located above the ground in a semi-raised form. The taste is delicately sweet, has pleasant sour notes. Cabbage is added to fresh dishes, it is suitable for baking, boiling, freezing, it is easily transported over long distances without losing its presentation.
- Beautiful appearance;
- During transportation does not receive mechanical damage;
- It tolerates temperature changes well;
- Steadily tolerates heat and autumn frosts;
- Can lie for two months;
- Does not crack when overripe.
- Sensitive to pests.
One of the most hardy varieties of the hybrid type, which was bred by Czech breeders, it is excellent for the central regions, which have a rather mild climate. It can be grown in a variety of conditions – in open ground, in greenhouses and greenhouses. Heads of cabbage ripen within 110 days. They themselves are not too big, but quite dense – the average weight is about 500-600 grams.
The shape of the heads is round, the foliage of the plant is large and sprawling – it will completely cover the crop from the sun’s rays. There are large bumps on the surface. Heads of cabbage are painted in pale yellow or cream color. The taste of the vegetable is very pleasant – it has neither bitterness nor sharpness. The beneficial substances contained here will help in the treatment of a number of diseases of the heart, gastrointestinal tract and other organs.
- Good resistance to diseases and parasites;
- Pleasant and delicate taste;
- Easily tolerates even prolonged cold snaps;
- Shoots give up to 100% of seeds.
- Makes high demands on the quality of the soil – prefers neutral soil.
1. Candide Charm F1
It has an attractive appearance and a rather pleasant taste, the variety perfectly resists diseases, is qualitatively protected from damage by the sun’s rays. It is grown in greenhouses or outdoors. It can be consumed fresh or after heat treatment. Heads of cabbage ripen almost simultaneously, approximately 80 days after germination. The mass of one head is in the range of 1-2 kg.
This variety grows with very powerful bushes, sockets are semi-raised. Heads of cabbage are very dense, have a white color, spots or yellowness are not visible on them. Foliage without the participation of the gardener rises and covers the heads of cabbage from sunlight. From one square meter it is possible to collect up to 4-5 kg of cabbage.
- Excellent commodity characteristics;
- Excellent transportability;
- High percentage of germination and productivity;
- Easily adapts to a variety of climatic conditions.
- Not suitable for long term storage.
Cabbage Candide Sharm F1
Late varieties and hybrids
2. Skywalker F1
Among all late-ripening hybrid varieties available on the Russian market, this cauliflower is characterized by maximum productivity and endurance, which allows it to seriously compete with a number of other promising varieties. It can be grown in any conditions, including in the northern regions, but in this case, you will first need to prepare the seedlings. Fully matures within 95-110 days. The mass of heads of cabbage is in the range from 1.9 to 3.5 kg.
The taste of heads of cabbage is very delicate and refined, even after heat treatment it remains almost unchanged. The tubercles are medium, practically do not catch the eye. Foliage rosette vertical. The structure of the heads is dense, does not break up into separate inflorescences. The foliage is characterized by an average length, so it is not able to completely close the heads of cabbage. Cabbage is easy to transport over long distances, and it will retain its marketable appearance.
- High taste and commercial qualities;
- Tight forks;
- Easily transfers transportation;
- Just care;
- Calmly tolerate heat;
- Not prone to infections and diseases.
- Ripens for a long time.
Cabbage Skywalker F1
1. Incline F1
The variety perfectly withstands low temperatures and even prolonged frosts without harm not only to the fruit, but also to the foliage. This makes it possible to grow it even in regions with a cold climate. Cabbage is able to bear fruit, starting from the end of August and ending in late autumn. It perfectly adapts to any climatic conditions, the only thing that does not tolerate well is the lack of moisture. It can be consumed fresh, frozen, processed, exposed to temperature. The crop is harvested approximately 90-100 days after germination, the mass of heads is in the range of 2-2.5 kg.
The vegetable often takes the form of an ellipse, tuberosity is present, but insignificant, has a white color. Most heads of cabbage are homogeneous in structure, the leaves are quite large – they can easily cover the crop from the scorching sun. The product is dietary, has no bitterness, can be used as baby food.
- The variety is not prone to diseases;
- Heads of cabbage will be tied up regardless of weather conditions;
- Vegetables ripen at about the same time;
- Excellent taste and significant content of useful substances.
- Needs an abundant amount of nutrients – you have to constantly feed.
Cabbage Incline F1
In conclusion, a useful video
Our ranking of the best varieties of cauliflower has come to an end. Now you will definitely be able to choose the most suitable seed material for the type of soil of your site and the available climatic conditions. If you still have some questions, then you can always ask them in the comments to this article – we will answer them as soon as possible.