One of the most common vegetables in Russian garden plots is beets. This product contains a lot of useful substances that have a positive effect on the general condition of the body, purify the blood and human organs from various kinds of toxic substances.
Even novice gardeners are planting this root crop, since for the most part its varieties are unpretentious to growing conditions, they have a high degree of immunity – they are not susceptible to diseases of various kinds, they do not suffer from pests. However, choosing the most suitable seed material is not as easy as it might seem at first glance: it is necessary that the variety has a good rich taste, has a high percentage of germination and yield, and at the same time can be stored for a long time. Based on these criteria, we have developed a rating of the best beet varieties. In it, we tried to tell as much as possible about these vegetables, give their key characteristics, and so on.
Top 10 Beetroot Varieties
10. Bordeaux 237
A variety of table beet, belonging to medium-early varieties. The shape of the ripened root crop is rounded, slightly flattened. Its diameter is in the range from 12 to 15 cm with a mass of 250-500 g; during growth and development, the root crop is approximately half immersed in the ground, which makes it possible to estimate its size without removing it from the soil. The pulp of the vegetable is quite dense, contains a large amount of sugars, and tastes sweet. On the cut, it has a homogeneous structure, banding is not noticeable. The skin has a brown color, it is quite dense. In a season, you can sow this vegetable twice and get, respectively, two crops, but this statement is true only for the southern regions. The variety was bred by Soviet breeders back in 1937, it is still very popular with both amateur gardeners and farmers who grow this vegetable for sale.
The variety easily tolerates dry weather, prefers watering of medium abundance, does not tolerate heavy rains very well. The average duration of ripening of root crops is in the range of 85-95 days from the moment the first shoots appear. If the plants are provided with proper care and they grow in favorable climatic conditions, then up to 90 tons of vegetables can be harvested from one hectare.
- Excellent trade dress;
- Stored for a long time, can be easily transported over long distances;
- Good taste;
- Easily resists various kinds of diseases;
- Germinates up to 100% of seeds;
- Provides high yields.
- Shoots must be dived, otherwise it will not be possible to get a quality product.
Beet Bordeaux 237
It has an original strongly elongated shape, it is unpretentious in terms of climatic conditions, so this variety can be easily grown in the temperate zone. The products are characterized by excellent taste properties, high germination and productivity, and are able to maintain their marketable appearance for a long time. This hybrid was created at the end of the last century by Dutch breeders. The vegetable is a mid-season variety – about 110-130 days pass from the moment of germination to the period of technical maturity of the root crop. Some gardeners grow this beet by seedling method: with this approach, it is possible to reduce the time for the formation and development of root crops by about three weeks.
The culture easily withstands the effects of low temperatures, is insensitive to lack of moisture, which allows you to get a good harvest even in regions with poor irrigation. Most of the vegetable is above the soil surface, about a third of the total length is immersed in the soil. This simplifies the cleaning process. The foliage is erect, has a slightly elongated shape, is painted in bright green color, veins are pink-purple. The leaves have a glossy sheen. The shape of the root crops is slightly curved, the tip is usually pointed. In length, the beet grows up to 16 cm, its diameter is 4-7 cm with a mass of 250-600 grams.
- Contains many useful compounds that can have a healing effect on the human body;
- Insensitive to various diseases;
- One plant occupies the minimum amount of free space in the garden;
- Easy to harvest;
- Excellent taste characteristics;
- Excellent transportability;
- Does not require serious care.
- If frosts were observed during the emergence of shoots, then many plants can go into color.
8. Egyptian flat
The variety was bred in the 40s of the last century. In terms of yield, it is one of the most stable, it belongs to the canteen category. The period of full ripening of the vegetable is within 3-4 months, the root crop is able to grow and produce a full-fledged crop in most regions of our country. From above, the fruit is slightly flattened, the height of the beets is less than the width. The leaf socket stands straight, the spreading is insignificant – one plant does not need much space in the garden. The foliage is bright green, with crimson veins that are not too conspicuous. This root crop is 6-8 cm in height, it can reach 14 cm in width. The beets are immersed in the ground by about half, the skin has an intense purple color. The mass of the vegetable is 300-500 grams, the skin itself is very thin, if necessary, it can be easily removed.
The flesh is dark red, has a uniform structure, veins and rings were not observed. Beetroot contains a high content of betaine, an enzyme that regulates fat metabolism. The average yield is in the range of 3-8 kg of vegetables per square meter. The beets are simply excellent, retaining their original appearance throughout the cold season. Does not tolerate acidic soil or soil with a high alkali content, the richest harvest will be obtained if the beets are grown in the sun.
- Consistently high yield;
- It can be grown in almost any climatic conditions;
- Easily tolerates dry periods;
- The vegetable has a dark-colored pulp, thin skin, high sugar content.
- Needs well-lit areas and warm soil;
- Because of the sweet taste, it attracts rodents;
- Medium and small root crops can dry out during maturation.
Beet Egyptian flat
Belongs to medium-late varieties, intended for the preparation of culinary dishes, winter storage. The foliage has a compact rosette, the leaves themselves are low, their number is small, the spreading is minimal, it occurs only if the plant is seriously lacking in moisture. The leaves are oval in shape, bright green in color, there are red or crimson veins. There is slight waviness along the edges. On the underside, the petiole has a purple color.
The beet itself has a rounded shape; in the context of the ring, they are practically not visible. The pulp of the vegetable has a bright red hue, the average fruit weight is 150-190 grams. Taste qualities are very good. There is little dry matter in beets – no more than 17.1%, but the concentration of sugar is quite decent – about 6.5%. The average yield is 221-250 centners per hectare, the yield of marketable products is high – this figure can reach 96%. Suitable for growing in the middle lane and in the southern regions.
- High rates of germination and yield of the variety;
- Decent sugar content;
- Beets are able to lie for a long time, it is easy to transport even over long distances;
- Can be grown in most regions;
- Low dry matter content.
- Foliage becomes sluggish with a lack of moisture.
Another universal variety that is optimally suited for various regions of the country, and regardless of the region, the vegetable will retain its excellent commercial and taste qualities. The variety belongs to the group of mid-season – ripening occurs approximately 100-120 days after the appearance of the first shoots. Grow either seedlings, or sow the seeds directly into the ground. The latest technology is used, as a rule, by residents of the southern regions. The yield of the variety is very high – up to 6 kg of beets are obtained from one square meter. The root crop tolerates the effects of low temperatures well, and therefore, when planted early, it will not be oppressed or destroyed by light frosts.
Regardless of the conditions for growing beets, it is not prone to flowering, practically not prone to various kinds of diseases. The fruits are even, have excellent taste characteristics, their average weight is in the range from 400 to 550 grams. The shape of the beet is round, has a rich burgundy color. The skin is tender and thin, but this does not interfere with transporting beets over long distances, they can lie for a long time.
- It tolerates low temperatures well;
- Can be grown by seedling method;
- Suitable for landing in any climatic conditions;
- This variety is easy to care for;
- Excellent resistance to pests and diseases;
- High palatability.
- Due to the high germination rate with the seedless method of cultivation, it is necessary to thin out the plantings, which leads to increased seed consumption.
This beet is whimsical in terms of soil quality. In particular, it is not suitable for acidic soil, it feels best in a neutral environment. It is advisable to plant beets in a well-lit area. This allows for maximum seed germination and larger fruits. To speed up the ripening of the vegetable, the seeds must first be germinated. Planted in the ground no earlier than mid-May, so that the soil is well warmed up. In cold soil, root crops simply will not form. Several shoots can sprout from one seed at once, so the beets will have to be thinned out so that the plants do not interfere with each other.
It is not recommended to water this variety of beets too much – with an excess of moisture, the roots begin to rot. Ripe beets are half protruded from the ground, which greatly facilitates the harvesting process. The vegetable is consumed fresh, suitable for heat treatment, used for harvesting, lies for a long time. The fruits are painted dark red, their average weight is 200-300 grams, there are barely noticeable rings on the cut. The fruits contain a significant amount of vitamins and minerals.
- Grows quite compact;
- Contains a lot of useful substances for the body;
- Lies great in winter.
- The variety is very sensitive to soil quality and soil temperature.
4. Red hero
Another mid-season variety, the fruits of which have high marketability. The whole crop is about the same size, the taste is simply excellent, largely due to the high concentration of sugars in the beet pulp. The yield of the variety is good – from one square meter you can get up to 6 kg of root crops. The diameter of the beet reaches 6-8 cm, its head protrudes slightly from the ground. The variety is practically insensitive in relation to the quality of the soil – it cannot grow only on too strongly acidified soils. In a neutral environment provides a very high yield.
Fruits retain their presentation for a long time. The average beet weight is 230-550 grams. The pulp is quite juicy, has a dark red color, no rings were found on the cut. Beets are intended for preparation of juices, conservation, they are frozen, stored fresh and subjected to any heat treatment.
- Unpretentiousness in relation to temperature and other conditions;
- High yields;
- Lies well all winter;
- One plant takes up little space.
- Will not grow in too acidic soil.
Beet Red Bogatyr
3. First harvest
One of the few early ripe varieties of beets that can be found on the shelves of Russian garden stores. These root crops are excellent for culinary processing, they are used in canning, they lie well for a very long time. The rosette of foliage stands straight throughout the season. The leaves are oval, dark green, with red veins. There is a slight waviness along the edges.
Root crops have a rounded shape, the rings on the cut are almost invisible. The flesh is colored red. The mass of beets is 190-395 grams. There is little dry matter here – a maximum of 16%, the sugar content is quite high – up to 11.5%. The trade dress has up to 91% of the harvested crop. Well grown in the middle zone of the country.
- Can be used for a variety of purposes;
- High concentration of sugar;
- Contains many vitamins;
- Decent yield;
- One plant occupies a minimum of space in the garden.
- Not suitable for planting in the southern and northern regions.
Beetroot First Harvest
Belongs to the group of mid-early varieties. Beets have a semi-erect rosette, which means each plant needs a decent amount of space in the garden. The leaves of the variety have an oval shape and a bright green color with raspberry veins. About a hundred days pass from the moment of emergence of seedlings to harvest. The root crop has a rounded shape. Its flesh is very juicy, burgundy in color, no rings are observed. One beet weighs 250-450 grams, it is characterized by excellent taste. It is used for conservation, in the preparation of various dishes, the beet lies well, during growth it almost never goes into color.
The plant easily withstands low temperatures – beets of this variety can be planted in the ground, the temperature of which is 6-8 degrees. It does not tolerate shady areas, feels good on neutral soil with a high content of potassium.
- It tolerates a lack of moisture and low temperatures;
- Insensitive to various pests and diseases;
- Low dry matter content;
- Excellent taste characteristics.
- Grows very poorly in shady areas.
1. Kuban borsch 43
According to user reviews, the leaders of our review of the best beet varieties were this hybrid product, which was bred by Soviet agronomists in the middle of the last century. The root crop lies well, while maintaining its marketable appearance for several months. Plants tolerate drought very well, they have a standing and fairly powerful outlet. The foliage is painted green or light green, has a smooth surface. The length of the petiole is 20-23 cm, it is usually greenish-pink or rose-red.
The fruits are round or oval in shape, the beets are elongated at the base. The head is very large, the skin is thin, painted in bright red. The beets are immersed in the soil by about 2/3 of their length. The average weight of one root crop is 370-500 grams. The pulp is a little rough, the rings are pronounced, the taste characteristics are high.
- Well withstands almost any climatic conditions;
- Decent weight of one fruit;
- Compact placement in the garden;
- Lies easily for a long time.
- Most of the fruit is in the ground, so harvesting is a little problematic.
Beetroot Kuban borscht 43
In conclusion, a useful video
Our rating of the best varieties of beets has come to an end. If you still have any questions about the rules of cultivation or the peculiarities of caring for one or another variety presented here, then you can always ask them in the comments to this article.