The difference between the authors of Russian classical literature lies in the fact that they have different fates, a different outlook on life. But what unites them is the main character in the works – the soul.
The Russian soul is multifaceted, incomprehensible and mysterious. Each work has its own meaning and direction, its own way of conveying the truth to the reader. The authors tried to help the reader find a place in life, to learn lessons.
7 most colorful works of Soviet classics
7. Mikhail Bulgakov “The Master and Margarita”
On the Patriarch’s Ponds, a strange stranger, Woland, sits down next to the two writers Ivan Bezdomny and Mikhail Berlioz. He tells them about Pontius Pilate and predicts Berlioz’s imminent death. They do not realize that the devil himself has come to them.
The conversation makes a big impression on Ivan Bezdomny, which is why he goes to a psychiatric hospital. In the hospital, he meets with the Master. Woland and his faithful companions settle in Moscow. They show a series of performances during which mystical things happen.
The disappearance of the Master for another main character – Margarita, becomes a heavy burden. Suffering from mental anguish, she sells her soul to Woland. Margarita turns into a witch and becomes queen at Satan’s ball. Woland fulfills Margarita’s dream and returns the Master and the novel he burned, because of which he ended up in a hospital.
The work has another main character – Yeshua. In conclusion, he visits Woland and asks for rest for the Master and Margarita.
Mikhail Bulgakov “The Master and Margarita”
6. Alexander Pushkin “Eugene Onegin”
The first chapter tells about the life of the young Eugene Onegin before he leaves St. Petersburg and goes to his sick uncle.
Onegin’s friend becomes an eighteen-year-old boy – Lensky. Vladimir Lensky falls in love with the daughter of a village landowner, Olga. Olga’s sister, Tatyana, writes a letter, where she confesses to Onegin the feelings that have washed over her. Onegin rejects her, explaining that he is not interested.
Later, Lensky and Onegin receive an invitation to a celebration at Tatyana’s house. The comrade persuades Onegin to go to the name day. Onegin agrees. At the celebration, he is again overwhelmed by the blues and he decides to make Lensky jealous of Olga. Onegin starts courting her. Lensky challenges him to a duel. After the death of a friend, Onegin leaves the village.
Tatyana Larina becomes the general’s wife. Some time later, Onegin decides to return to St. Petersburg and meets Tatyana there. He falls in love with her, but she rejects him. Tatyana still loves Onegin, but still decides to remain faithful to her husband.
Alexander Pushkin “Eugene Onegin”
5. Nikolai Gogol “Viy”
On the way home, the three students get lost in the dark and spend the night in a remote farm.
By the will of the old mistress, one of the main characters – Khoma Brut spends the night in a barn. There Khoma encounters a witch who bewitches him. She mounts Khoma on horseback and gallops through the fields. Thanks to prayer, the spell weakens and by morning, the witch turns into a beautiful lady, who falls to the ground without strength.
Khoma Brut returns home. After some time, he receives an order from the rector of the bursa and goes to a rich centurion on a farm to read prayers over his daughter. Seeing the deceased, Khoma is convinced that this is the witch he saw that terrible night. On the very first night, the pannochka begins to look for Khoma, getting out of the coffin. The student guesses to draw a circle on the floor with chalk. Because of the circle, the witch could not reach him.
On the second night, the witch in the coffin tries to fly into the circle, but again she fails. With the crowing of roosters, Khoma goes out into the street completely gray-haired. On the last night, a huge number of demons crowd into the church and begin to look for the bursak. For help, they call on Viy, a monster with huge eyelids reaching to the ground. Viy asks the demons to lift his eyelids so that he can look and find Homa. Bursak can’t stand it and looks the monster in the eyes. Viy points his finger at him, and evil spirits pounce on Khoma. Bursak dies moments before the next morning.
Nikolai Gogol “Viy”
4. Ivan Turgenev “Fathers and Sons”
Actions in the novel take place on the eve of the abolition of serfdom.
Bazarov and his friend Arkady Kirsanov arrive in Maryino to the Kirsanovs, where the protagonist meets Arkady’s family. Bazarov, promoting his ideas and values, does not belong to the aristocratic court and for this reason is forced to leave the estate. Arkady goes with him to the provincial town.
At the ball, the comrades meet a widow, Anna Odintsova, with whom they both fall in love. Unable to express his feelings, Bazarov frightens Odintsova with his explanations, after which he is forced to leave for his parents. Arkady rides with him.
Later, young people decide to go to Maryino. Arkady falls in love with Odintsova’s sister, Ekaterina, and leaves for their estate, leaving Bazarov alone in his family’s house. Relations between generations are heating up, and Bazarov shoots himself in a duel with Arkady’s uncle. Bazarov goes to the Odintsovs, apologizes to Anna, spends several days with them and returns to his home. At home, he helps his father treat people who are sick with typhus, but at the autopsy of the deceased, Bazarov becomes infected and dies.
Ivan Turgenev “Fathers and Sons”
3. Fyodor Dostoyevsky “Crime and Punishment”
On a hot July day, student Rodion Raskolnikov goes to an old pawnbroker to pawn his last valuable thing to her. He plots to kill the pawnbroker in order to change his life and save his beloved sister Dunya from a forced marriage. On the way home, he meets the impoverished adviser Semyon Zakharovich Marmeladov, and later with his wife and eldest daughter Sonya, who, in order to save her family, is forced to sleep with men for money.
Tormented by mental suffering, Raskolnikov decides to commit a crime. He kills an old woman and an involuntary witness to the crime, Lizaveta, the pawnbroker’s sister.
The novel describes the views of the protagonist, which are based on the idea of dividing people into two types of “trembling creatures” and “Napoleons”.
After long experiences and punishment of the innocent village boy Mikolka, Raskolnikov recognizes himself as a murderer and is sent to hard labor in a Siberian prison. Following Raskolnikov, Sonya goes there, in which he found a kindred spirit. Thanks to the moral values and kindness of Sonya, Raskolnikov abandons his considerations about the separation of people.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky “Crime and Punishment”
2. Alexander Griboyedov “Woe from Wit”
The young nobleman Chatsky, three years later, returns from abroad to his childhood love Sofya Famusova. Sophia is offended by Chatsky for leaving her without informing her about her departure. Chatsky arrives at the house of Sophia’s father, Famusov, with the decision to marry her. But Sofya is in love with the young prudent secretary Molchalin, who lives in her father’s house. Chatsky hates Molchalin for his helpfulness to everyone, and everyone will like the effort.
In Famusov’s house, disputes flare up with Famusov and Chatsky himself. Famusov is an aristocrat with an old way of life and views, while Chatsky promotes new views and is very proud. Disillusioned with Moscow society, Chatsky utters an eloquent monologue, where he condemns the established way of life. Sophia starts a rumor that the main character has gone crazy, society supports this rumor and Chatsky decides to leave the city.
Alexander Griboyedov “Woe from Wit”
1. Ivan Turgenev “Mumu”
The story describes life in one of the wealthy Moscow houses, where the main character, the deaf-mute janitor Gerasim, works. He falls in love with the quiet washerwoman Tatyana and begins courting her. However, the lady decides to marry Tatyana to the drinking shoemaker Kapiton, thinking that marriage will fix him.
A year later, Tatiana and her husband leave for the village. After parting with the spouses, Gerasim, returning, finds a small puppy in the water. He names the dog Mumu. But the lady’s attempts to establish a trusting relationship with Mumu do not lead to anything, and the acquaintance ends with the demand to remove the dog from the yard. An attempt to take her away fails, and Mumu runs home a day later with a piece of a leash around his neck.
Gerasim decides to solve this problem himself and takes the dog to a tavern, where he orders cabbage soup with meat for him. Then they go to the Crimean Ford, where Gerasim drowns Mumu. After everything experienced, Gerasim decides to return to the village.
Ivan Turgenev “Mumu”
Selecting the best classical works from the mass of books is an impossible task, since each reader has his own taste and interests.
The authors of Russian classics are absolutely not similar. They describe their unique outlook on life, skillfully weave destinies and make them empathize with the main characters.
Books are firmly fixed in the hearts of readers for many years, because the authors put feelings and soul into their creations.