Blackcurrant is very widespread among Russian amateur gardeners. This is an unpretentious cultivated shrub that can be grown almost everywhere. In the modern domestic register of crops, there are as many as 224 varieties of this plant – according to this indicator, they are second only to the apple tree.
In general, all varieties of blackcurrant are divided into two large groups – industrial and amateur. The latter are characterized by a dessert taste, they can be eaten directly from the bush during almost the entire season. Commercial varieties of berries ripen at approximately the same time and are also suitable for mechanized harvesting. This is due to a number of reasons – the fruits have a thick peel, they have a dry separation and resistance to shedding.
Many summer residents grow industrial varieties on their plots, but most of them taste sour. While blackcurrants can easily withstand large temperature fluctuations, they can be sensitive to other growing conditions. In most cases, the shrub begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting.
From the existing variety, we have selected only the best breeds for inclusion in our rating of the best blackcurrant varieties. To do this, we studied a large number of reviews from both experienced and novice gardeners. The review includes the least whimsical breeds that are able to produce a rich harvest throughout the life of the shrub.
10 best varieties of black currant
10. Summer resident
Does not need any special care, perfectly tolerates the effects of high and low temperatures, has a rich harvest. The variety has a high immunity to various diseases and parasites. The breed is quite new – it was bred by domestic breeders less than 20 years ago. It was originally developed for a temperate climate, so the central regions will be optimal for it, however, the variety is also suitable for the southern and northern regions. The bush is distinguished by a compressed spherical shape, not too tall – it grows up to a maximum of 1.2 meters. There are not too many branches, so the bush is not dense. The stems in the first year of life are painted in a juicy green color, later they become stiffer and become stiff, darken, acquiring a dark brown color.
The root system is quite strong – its main part lies at a depth of about half a meter, but the central rod grows about a meter deep into the ground. The bush does not give offspring. The foliage is medium in size, the plates are soft, five-lobed, painted in rich green with a slight bronze tint. The fruits are quite large – one berry has a mass of 3 to 5 grams, grows in the shape of a ball, the skin is black or blue-dark. The skin itself is tender and not too dense, the pulp is sweet, there is sourness.
- Rather large fruits;
- High yields;
- The berries ripen around mid-July;
- Bushes self-pollinated;
- High content of useful elements and vitamins;
- Excellent resistance to diseases and parasites;
- Easily withstands cold.
- Overripe fruits may fall off;
- The branches are rather weak – under the weight of the berries they can bend;
- Does not tolerate drought and extreme heat very well.
9. Black Litvinovskaya
Another very young breed – it was only able to be bred in 2008. The shrub blooms very early, respectively, the harvest also ripens much faster compared to other varieties. The bush is very tall – can reach two meters in height. The branches grow straight, so it does not need too much space on the site. The root system here is very branched, it lies at a depth of no more than 40 cm. The flowers of the plant are pale purple or lilac, they are collected in brushes of 7-11 pieces. The foliage here is medium, painted bright green, has pronounced veins.
The berries have a round, slightly flattened shape, in a ripe state they are painted in a rich black color. The skin is dense and thick, has a beautiful glossy sheen. The currant has a rich aroma, the berries are large and sweet in taste, the sourness is practically not felt. The weight of one fruit can be up to 4.5 g. The variety feels most comfortable in the central and black earth regions, it is resistant to cold, so it can bear fruit even in the Ural and Siberian regions.
- Large fruits with a pronounced aroma and pleasant taste;
- Easy to harvest;
- Excellent resistance to low temperatures;
- Can be transported over long distances;
- The variety is resistant to fungal diseases.
- Does not tolerate drought and excessive heat.
Blackcurrant Black Litvinovskaya
A fairly strong bush, which is characterized by decent spreading. In height, it can be up to 2 meters, it grows abundant foliage. Young shoots are straight, Stems are painted light green. The shape of the foliage is standard – five-lobed, the color can vary from light green to green. The leaves retain their green color until frost, which allows them to be harvested for a long time for tea, used for conservation and for other purposes.
The flowers are small in size, about 4-7 berries are formed in one brush. The variety is medium late in terms of maturation. Literally in the year of planting, you can collect the first, albeit small, crop. The bush begins to produce a normal number of berries approximately in the fourth or fifth year after planting. The yield is high – from one bush you can get up to 4.5 kg of berries. The breed perfectly resists anthracnose and powdery mildew, as well as spider mites. In general, this variety is absolutely unpretentious in relation to growing conditions – it is able not only to withstand low temperatures and frosts, but also normally tolerates heat and drought.
- Unpretentious in relation to climatic conditions;
- Quite large berries with high palatability;
- Productivity is much higher than average;
- Fits well and can be transported.
- Sensitive to kidney mites and some fungal diseases.
7. Nightingale night
The shrub is low, has erect and rather thick shoots, which are covered with dense gray bark in about the second or third year of life. The foliage has a three-lobed shape, is painted in dark green color, has a slight wrinkling. The flowers are light purple, there can be up to ten of them on one brush. The fruit bunch is medium in size, but the berries on it are not too dense. Ripe fruits have a regular rounded shape, the skin is painted black. It is quite thin, but at the same time smooth, shiny and dense, which makes it easy to transport. The average weight of one berry is 2.7 grams, but larger specimens are often found – weighing up to 4-5 grams. The taste of the pulp is sweet, there is a pronounced aroma.
It ripens early – you can harvest the first harvest literally in the first half of June. The bush withstands drought, but not too long, it tolerates frost and winter well even if there is no snow cover. Yields are average – from one bush you can get up to 2 kg of berries per season. The fruits ripen at the same time, they are well separated from the brush. Currant retains its productive qualities for 12-15 years.
- Excellent taste characteristics;
- High immunity to pests and diseases;
- Unpretentiousness in terms of care.
- Low productivity;
- Doesn’t like drought.
Blackcurrant Nightingale Night
6. The Little Prince
The shrub is not too tall, has a slight sprawling. The branches are straight, they are quite thick and strong, they can bend. Young shoots have green trunks. The bark later acquires a gray color with a yellowish tinge. The foliage is small, five-lobed, its color is rich green. Almost does not shine under the sun’s rays. The flowers are cup-shaped and reddish in color. The brushes themselves are small – from 4.5 to 6.2 cm in length. The berries are not very large – their weight reaches 2 grams. They have a standard spherical shape, the skin has a slight glossy sheen.
There are few seeds in the fruit, the pulp itself is very juicy. She has high taste properties – she is very sweet, but there is a noticeable sourness. Currant calmly tolerates even fairly severe frosts, has decent immunity to parasites and diseases, so the harvest every year is very plentiful. The variety belongs to the group of self-pollinated, is mid-season – berries ripen in the second half of July.
- Pleasant taste;
- Self-pollinating variety;
- Well lies, can be transported;
- The variety easily withstands even very harsh winters;
- Harvest can also be harvested mechanically.
- Poorly tolerates lack of moisture;
- Ripe berries crumble very quickly.
Blackcurrant The Little Prince
Another not too tall and moderately sprawling breed that has straight shoots. They are quite thick, the bark is usually gray with a steel sheen. The foliage is large, five-lobed, has a matte surface – it does not shine in the sun. The flowers of this variety are pale green in color. Brushes are found both short and long, but in any case, berries are rarely located on them. The fruits are black or brownish-black in color. The berries are very large – their average size is 2.7 grams, but specimens weighing up to 5.5 grams are often found. The skin of the fruit is thin, there are not too many seeds.
One of the most hardy varieties – it easily tolerates both frost and drought, well resists the most common pests. The bush is able to withstand temperatures up to -25 degrees. If it is planned to grow it in cold regions, then it will need to be securely covered for the winter. The variety is self-pollinating, the ripening period is late – the crop ripens by mid-August.
- Very large fruits;
- Yields have been consistently high over the years;
- Berries can be used for a variety of purposes;
- Good resistance to the most common diseases;
- Lies for a long time, can be transported over long distances.
- Not everyone likes too pronounced sourness;
- Ripens very late;
- Branches under a mass of fruits often descend to the ground.
Quite tall and at the same time slightly sprawling shrub that will grow best in sunny areas. This variety grows up to a height of 1.9 m. There are not very many leaves on it, so the density of the plant is average. All growing shoots are directed upwards. At first, they have a rich green color, their diameter is in the range from 0.7 to 1 cm. As they grow older, the trunks become woody and acquire a grayish-brown hue. The foliage is five-lobed, the front side has a glossy sheen. The flowers are pinkish and quite large. On the brush there are from 8 to 12 pieces. The berries are not very large – their average weight is 0.9-1.4 grams. They are round in shape, when ripe the skin turns black.
She herself is thin, but very dense, although when eating berries you almost do not feel it. The pulp is juicy, there are few seeds in it. The taste of the berries is sweet and sour, they can be eaten fresh or processed. The shrub blooms for ten days, up to 85% of flowers are tied, the crop ripens approximately in mid-July. It does not shrink as the bush ages and will not suffer from exposure to sunlight.
- High level of productivity;
- Good taste characteristics;
- Lies for a long time and endures transportation;
- Immune to parasites and diseases.
- Not the largest berries;
- With excess moisture, the fruits may crack.
A low bush – it grows a maximum of one and a half meters, usually no more than 1.2 m in diameter. The stems are straight, their thickness is 0.7 – 1 cm, the bark at first has an olive color, and as they grow older, the shoots themselves become much thicker, and the bark changes color to gray-brown. The foliage is five-lobed, has a medium size, has a glossy sheen. The flowers are medium, have a cream color. About 10-12 berries are formed on one brush. The fruits are quite large – their average weight is 3 grams. As they mature, they acquire a black color and a glossy sheen.
The fruits are round in shape. Up to 60 brushes are formed on each branch, so the yield is very high. The skin is thin and quite dense, you can feel it a little when you eat it. The taste of the berries is sweet, but there is still a slight sourness. Harvest is perfect for fresh consumption, freezing, as well as for various kinds of preparations for the winter. The bush perfectly withstands temperatures up to -30 degrees, and it does not require additional insulation. From one bush you can collect up to 3.5 kg of berries. It bears fruit for 15-20 years.
- The berries grow very large;
- Yields are always quite high;
- Good taste characteristics;
- The bush easily withstands severe frosts;
- Self-pollinating variety;
- The entire crop ripens at the same time.
- It does not tolerate prolonged stagnation of moisture, but it needs constant watering.
Srednerosly and not too sprawling bush, characterized by a small density. The thickness of the shoots is medium, they first have a matte light green color and are slightly curved. In the second or third year, the bark turns brown, and the shoots themselves straighten. The foliage is five-lobed, medium or large in size. The berries of the variety are large – their weight can reach 4 grams. The peel has a deep black color, the fruits are rounded, with a slight sheen. The pulp does not contain too many seeds. It contains no more than 10% sugars and a decent concentration of ascorbic acid.
The variety will easily withstand even Siberian frosts, which are significant in their severity, but it calmly endures the heat. The bush is self-pollinating, blooms in the second half of May. Harvest can be collected in the last days of July. The berries ripen at about the same time with a difference of two to three days, moreover, overripe fruits will not crumble.
- Quite a large variety;
- The bushes themselves are small;
- Withstands severe frost and heat;
- Can be transported over long distances;
- Able to bear fruit for at least 15 years;
- Excellent resistance to various diseases.
- The only disease to which this breed is sensitive is septoria.
The leaders of our review of the best varieties of blackcurrant turned out to be a fairly compact bush, which is no more than 120 cm in height, its spreading is minimal. The shoots are not too thick, so they often sag under the weight of snow cover or crops. Because of this, they need to be tied up. Young branches have a gray-green bark, in the future it becomes just a gray color. The foliage here is five-lobed and dark green. The berries are quite large – they can grow up to 5.5 grams. The skin has a deep black color with a glossy sheen. It is strong and thick enough. The taste of the pulp is balanced and rather sweet, the sourness is almost not felt.
The variety was bred specifically for the Siberian climate. It withstands adverse weather conditions well, is insensitive to severe frosts, and is unpretentious in terms of care. In the dry season, it is recommended to water the plants at least once a week – this will save both the quantity of the crop and its taste.
- Quite large berries with a pleasant and delicate taste;
- The crop lies well and is transported even over long distances;
- The shrub perfectly resists powdery mildew and other diseases;
- Berries ripen in record time.
- The branches are quite thin – it is necessary to tie up.
In conclusion, a useful video
Our review of the best blackcurrant varieties is coming to an end. We hope that according to the characteristics of the rocks presented here, you were able to choose the best option for your own site. If you already have some experience in growing at least one of the varieties presented here, then you can always share it in the comments to this article. Other readers will certainly be interested in getting new knowledge and experience first hand.