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Cameras with interchangeable lenses have a lot more “opportunities” in photography than cameras with built-in lenses. Using this or that lens, you not only get improved image quality, but also give yourself the opportunity to choose the direction in photography that you would like to work with. After all, all optics are provided for different types of shooting, from photographing sports events to working with the macrocosm.

The experts of the online magazine Expertology analyzed the modern market and identified the 7 most remarkable models of cameras with interchangeable lenses.

Criterias of choice

To assess the quality and consumer characteristics of cameras, our experts were guided by the standards of foreign researchers Consumers Reports and Cnet. Experts from these authoritative organizations describe in detail how to choose the right camera. Research team from Cnet
published test results conducted on cameras that Expertology specialists took into account for comparative analysis.

American Consumer Organization Experts
consumer union It is recommended to focus on three main factors when choosing a camera:

  1. image quality;
  2. ergonomics;
  3. camera dimensions.

The first point is quite obvious. All digital cameras have a built-in matrix, on which the final image quality directly depends. And the larger the sensor size, the better the performance will be, especially in low light. In some expensive models, a full frame matrix is ​​u200bu200binstalled. If high quality images are important to you, you should buy a camera with a full-frame sensor.

In addition, it is recommended to pay attention to the type of flash. Almost all cameras are equipped with a built-in flash, which is much superior to those found in smartphones. Some cameras allow you to adjust the flash output. If you want to get high-quality shots in dimly lit rooms and a hot shoe is installed on the camera body, then you should purchase an external flash. With it, the frames will turn out bright, but not overexposed, since the “head” of a remote flash, as a rule, tends to turn in different directions.

Cnet labs do a lot of testing on digital cameras. For example, tests for photosensitivity and noise. To assess the amount of noise generated by the camera, the researchers begin by capturing an image of the target using a spectrophotometer (X-Rite Munsell ColorCheker Chart) using daylight-balanced HMI lighting. Exhibiting at the same time all the ISO values ​​u200bu200bsupported by the camera.

The white balance is set to daylight or manual, whichever is more accurate. Then the image is analyzed to measure the amount of generated color and luminance noise – using the software – Imatest. Images are captured at the lowest available JPEG compression setting and the camera’s highest resolution. Settings such as sharpness, contrast, and saturation are set by default.

Rating of the best cameras with interchangeable lenses

Nomination Place Name Price

Rating of the best cameras with interchangeable lenses

7

Canon EOS 4000D

19 200 ₽

6

Nikon D3500

29 300 ₽

5

Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III

44 990 ₽

four

Sony Alpha ILCE-6000

45 490 ₽

3

Fujifilm X-T30

56 990 ₽

2

Pentax KP

82 990 ₽

one

Sony Alpha ILCE-6600

100 990 ₽

Also Read: 13 Best Canon Lenses

Canon EOS 4000D

Rating: 4.3

Canon EOS 4000D

Let’s start the review with the most budget model of a SLR camera from Canon. This is an entry-level camera and is well suited for beginners or hobbyists. If you have purchased a SLR camera for the first time, then in the kit, among other things, there is a book with a detailed description of the operation, which will help you to study this device and understand what it is like.

From the review of a verified user on Yandex.Market: “A convenient, affordable camera for amateurs. Great picture, fast focusing, clear shots!”

Usually, a “whale” lens is paired with cameras of a low price category. In this case, it is a standard zoom glass with a focal length of 18-55mm and f / 3.5-5.6 aperture. Such a lens can be considered universal, as it is suitable for almost all types of amateur filming. The common camera mount is suitable for all types of lenses with EF and EF-S mounts.

The camera comes with the LP-E10 battery, which has a full charge of approximately 500 shots, without the use of flash and autofocus. The body of the Canon EOS 4000D is made of plastic with a matte finish, so the camera does not slip in your hands. The handle is rubberized and comfortable to grip. The camera is not very large in size 129x102x77mm and weighs only 436g with the battery.

This SLR camera is equipped with a CMOS sensor with an effective number of pixels of 18 million and a DIGIC 4+ processor. It is worth noting that this is not a full-frame sensor with a crop factor of 1.6, which means that the camera will crop the original image. This is not critical and you just need to take this fact into account during shooting.

Phase type autofocus includes 9 cross focus points. This is not the largest number of points in comparison with professional cameras, but the fact that they are cross-type cannot but rejoice, since this type of focusing is considered one of the most accurate. In addition, the camera has an autofocus illuminator that allows you to focus in poorly lit places. Manual focus and face tracking are also available.

The TTL reflex viewfinder covers 95% of the field of view, and if you find it inconvenient to use the viewfinder, you can replace it with a 2.7-inch LCD screen. Also, photos can be quickly transferred to a smartphone using a proprietary application from Canon by connecting to the camera via Wi-Fi.

Advantages

  • lens included;

  • comfortable ergonomics;

  • WiFi;

  • low price;

  • accurate autofocus;

  • light weight for a SLR camera.

Flaws

  • For such a price, the disadvantages are insignificant.

Nikon D3500

Rating: 4.4

Nikon D3500

The next camera in our review can also be classified as a conditional nomination “camera for beginners”, but with more advanced features. The camera comes with a kit lens, like the Canon EOS 4000D model discussed above. Standard zoom lens with a focal length of 18-55mm and aperture of f/3.5-5.6.

The camera is equipped with a CMOS matrix with APS-C resolution (23.5×15.6mm) and the number of effective pixels is 24.2 million. The crop factor of this sensor is less than that of the previous model – it has a value of 1.5. For increased clarity and sharpness of the image, the developers sacrificed an anti-moire filter on the matrix.

The extended ISO value goes up to ISO 25600, which is quite a large number and this ISO is used in the most extreme cases, as the image quality deteriorates due to strong noise. The maximum value of 6400 can be considered a working one, at this ISO noise and color degradation will be insignificant.

Nikon D3500 can be considered quite compact and light among other DSLRs, its weight without batteries is 365g. The camera is characterized by comfortable ergonomics, it is pleasant to hold it in your hands thanks to the matte finish and rubberized handle. All control buttons are located at a short distance, so you can set the desired camera settings with one hand. Included with the camera is a capacious battery, which is enough for approximately 1550 photos on a single charge. The autonomy of the previous Canon EOS 4000D in this case will be much more modest.

The burst shooting speed here reaches 5 frames / s. This figure can be considered very solid for an amateur camera. However, this SLR can show such a rate of fire only under manual focusing conditions, otherwise the rate will be somewhat lower. Phase detection autofocus includes 11 focus points and only one of them is cross-type, which means that only it will work effectively in low light when shooting. The camera is equipped with an autofocus backlight, which helps out in low light.

Advantages

  • capacious battery;

  • comfortable ergonomics;

  • light weight for a SLR camera;

  • good burst shooting speed;

  • accurate autofocus;

  • clear and sharp pictures.

Flaws

  • For such a price, the disadvantages are insignificant.

Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III

Rating: 4.5

Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III

A non-full-format system camera from Olympus can be included in the category of semi-professional equipment. The camera has an exceptional design in a retro style, which is similar to the film cameras of the last century. The model remains relevant, although it was announced in 2015.

The camera has a built-in Live MOS sensor with a resolution of 4/3 Four Thirds (17.3×13.0mm) and the number of effective pixels of 16.1 million. The camera also has a powerful quad-core TruePic VIII processor, which allows you to quickly process frames. In terms of ISO, the camera performs well at ISO 3200 and slightly worse at ISO 6400. If you work with ISO 12800, then the degradation of color and contours will be visible, but the frame can easily fit for social networks or even print on A4 paper.

The Olympus Mark III mirrorless camera is equipped with a 5-axis image stabilization system, which allows you to take photos or shoot videos without random fluctuations. The manufacturer reports that such stabilization is capable of working out up to four steps, and this is true. When photographing handheld, with a shutter speed of 1 second, you can easily get a clear frame without marriage.

Cameras from Olympus have often been renowned for their fast autofocus, and the model we’re reviewing is no exception. Autofocus here works in hundredths of a second, and the burst shooting speed reaches 8.6 frames / s. Contrast type autofocus includes 121 focus points. Thanks to a considerable number of zones, regular and tracking autofocus becomes better and misses noticeably less during shooting. This mirrorless camera is capable of photographing fast-moving subjects with ease, as its fastest shutter speed is 1/16000 second.

The Olympus Mark III has an electronic viewfinder with a full 100% coverage of the field of view and includes 23.6 million pixels. The 3-inch LCD touch screen allows you to take photos and videos from different viewing angles thanks to its 90-degree up and 45-degree down tilt.

Advantages

  • TruePic VIII processor;

  • the sensor copes well with high ISO values;

  • matrix 5-axis stabilizer;

  • fast autofocus;

  • swivel and touch LCD screen;

  • compact.

Flaws

  • small battery capacity.

Also Read: 7 Best Inexpensive Digital Cameras

Sony Alpha ILCE-6000

Rating: 4.6

Sony Alpha ILCE-6000

Mirrorless camera from Sony belongs to the class of compacts. Its dimensions of 120x67x45mm and weight of 285g can be considered insignificant given the capabilities it has. The camera is perfect for those who actively use social networks and want to get high-quality pictures.

From the review of a Yandex.Market user with the “Gadget Inspector” status: “Of all mirrorless cameras, today the best camera in terms of all characteristics, competing only with Canon DSLRs.”

The camera is characterized by excellent ergonomics. It fits comfortably in the hand, and most of the control buttons are conveniently located on the right side of the front of the camera. The electronic viewfinder is located in the upper left corner, it includes 1440000 dots and has 100% coverage of the field of view. The viewfinder also has a sensitive proximity sensor that responds quickly to switching from the display. The swivel LCD screen tilts up 90 degrees and down 45 degrees, allowing you to take photos and videos from a convenient angle.

This system camera has an APS-C sized CMOS matrix (23.5×15.6mm) and an effective pixel count of 24.3 million. For a non-full-format camera, such a sensor is considered large, and in order to fully reveal its potential, it is worth photographing with branded optics from the Sony brand.

Due to the large number of pixels, this compact copes quite well with high ISO values. The extended ISO value reaches 25600, as we mentioned earlier, it is necessary to set such a value only in the most critical cases. ISO 6400 can be considered a working one, with this indicator, noise or the so-called grain practically does not appear. If you plan to process images in photo editors, then ISO 12800 can also be considered acceptable.

Mirrorless camera Sony Alpha ILCE-6000 has the function of high-speed continuous shooting – 11 fps. Such a high-speed indicator can boast, for example, professional reportage cameras from Canon. Another significant advantage of this camera can be considered a hybrid type of autofocus, which includes 179 focus points. In good lighting conditions, the focus in the camera very rarely misses.

Advantages

  • comfortable ergonomics;

  • rotary screen;

  • matrix with a large number of pixels;

  • high speed continuous shooting;

  • the sensor works with high ISO values;

  • compactness;

  • Accurate and fast autofocus.

Flaws

  • relatively expensive optics for the camera.

Fujifilm X-T30

Rating: 4.7

Fujifilm X-T30

The Fujifilm X-T30 system camera is a semi-professional technique. It comes in three colors: silver, classic black and charcoal grey. The camera weighs only 383g including the battery and due to its small size, it can easily fit into a bag or even a pocket. The main idea of ​​the manufacturer is to provide the photographer with as many flagship features as possible, while maintaining a compact and affordable camera.

This system camera is equipped with a CMOS IV sensor with an effective 26.1 million pixels and a proprietary X-Trans filter to avoid moiré effect in pictures. Moiré is a wave-like pattern that occurs by superimposing periodic structures on top of each other. The same sensor is installed in Fujifilm’s professional cameras, for example, in models such as the X-T4 and X-T3. The powerful X-Processor 4 processor allows the camera to shoot video in 4K without crop, and also supports high-speed continuous shooting up to 30 frames / s.

Hybrid type autofocus includes as many as 425 focus points covering the entire matrix. This means that the camera will not focus only in the center of the frame or in a limited area, as is usually the case with SLR cameras. This mirrorless camera has fast and accurate autofocus that not only focuses on faces but also on eyes.

The electronic viewfinder of this camera is quite bright with a good resolution of 2.36 MP and a full 100% coverage of the field of view. The Fujifilm X-T30 is a mirrorless camera, which means that when you look at VI, you will be able to understand in advance what kind of shot you will get. The 3-inch LCD touch screen has a convenient flip-down design that allows you to shoot from both low and high vantage points. In addition, the monitor is equipped with quick gesture controls that can call up almost any setting or function.

The camera’s mirrorless design allows you to use many of Fujinon’s professional optics with a special adapter. The lineup of these lenses consists of 30 or more, ranging from compact 15-45mm zooms to the incredible 200mm fixed telephoto lens.

Advantages

  • powerful processor X-Processor 4;

  • CMOS IV X-Trans matrix;

  • fast and accurate autofocus;

  • touch rotary display;

  • you can use different types of lenses thanks to the adapter;

  • synchronization over Wi-Fi.

Flaws

  • one memory card slot.

Pentax KP

Rating: 4.8

Pentax KP

Most Pentax cameras are renowned for their rugged construction, and the model we’re reviewing is no exception. This SLR camera is equipped with dust and moisture protection and is able to operate at low temperatures down to -10 degrees. In addition, the body of the camera is made of metal, which significantly adds weight to the device – 699g.

This camera has an APS-C matrix with 24.32 million effective pixels. This is one of the few sensors that can independently suppress the moiré effect in the frame without the help of various filters. The matrix performs microvibrations at a frequency of about a thousand cycles per second, after which the processor restores the picture. Also, the sensor can rotate along the optical axis and display images immediately with a flat horizon, even if the camera is held up to 5 degrees.

As for the light sensitivity, everything is very interesting here, since the manufacturer endowed this camera with a phenomenal aperture ratio. The extended ISO value reaches 892200. In fact, ISO 6400 can be considered a working indicator, in this case the color and contours of the image are not critically spoiled. At a value of 12800, more noise appears and the frame is suitable only for social networks. The shot taken with ISO 892200 clearly shows the appearance of numerous grains, but surprisingly, there is no strong color degradation. The secret lies in an additional buffer co-processor that speeds up all the work of the camera and helps to process images faster and more accurately.

Phase type autofocus includes 27 focus points and 25 of them are cross-shaped, which allows you to focus on objects more accurately and without misses. The camera has an autofocus light, but even in low light, the phase detection autofocus works quite quickly. The camera is equipped with a 5-axis matrix stabilizer, which helps to avoid unwanted vibrations during photo and video shooting. In addition, Pentax KR is endowed with an additional astro-shooting mode (Astrotracer), which works with the help of GPS. This function is intended for photographing stars.

Advantages

  • Pelevlagozashchita;

  • continues to work at low temperatures;

  • 5-axis matrix stabilization;

  • CMOS sensor that suppresses the moiré effect;

  • the sensor works with high ISO values;

  • there is an Astrotracer mode;

  • accurate autofocus.

Flaws

  • Autofocus is not fast enough in Live View.

Also Read: 10 Best Travel Cameras

Sony Alpha ILCE-6600

Rating: 4.9

Sony Alpha ILCE-6600

Our review will be completed by a compact camera from Sony. This camera is the flagship of the 6,000th line and at the same time the flagship of all mirrorless cameras of this brand in APS-C format. When shooting with this device, you can use a variety of lenses from both a specialized line and most other Sony optics, thanks to the LA-EA 1 adapter.

From the review of a Yandex.Market user with the Gadget Inspector status: “Comfortable grip, powerful battery, good stabilizer, space video, and better autofocus” – as reported by a Yandex Market user with the Gadget Inspector status in the reviews for this camera.

The camera is equipped with a CMOS matrix with an effective number of pixels of 24.2 million. The sensor performs well with high photosensitivity. This camera model has an additional lower ISO value of up to 50 and this is good for shooting in bright places. Expanding the ISO down does not lead to an increase in noise, since at a lower ISO value, the signal strength is divided, not multiplied. And the difference in brightness from neighboring pixels does not increase, but rather decreases.

The camera body has become somewhat larger in contrast to its previous 6,000th models. It fits comfortably in your hand thanks to the rubberized grip, which has a built-in NP-FZ100 battery with a capacity of 2280 mAh. Also, the camera is equipped with a touch, swivel display with a diagonal of almost 3 inches and an electronic viewfinder, which has a full angle of coverage of the field of view.

Hybrid autofocus type includes as many as 425 focus points. The Alpha ILCE-6600 has a fast tracking focus during photo and video shooting. Autofocus perfectly clings to the subject and even tracks it in the eyes. Also in the camera there is a backlight and focus adjustment, which allows you to shoot with extreme accuracy both in low-light places and when the subject is moving quickly. The camera has a built-in 5-axis matrix stabilizer that works out all 5 steps. Thanks to this stabilization, you can avoid minimal hand shake while shooting.

Advantages

  • ISO range starts at 50;

  • capacious battery;

  • fast tracking autofocus;

  • 50-axis matrix stabilization;

  • ergonomics;

  • there is a headphone jack.

Flaws

  • high price.